How to make soap

Making soap at home is easy, economical and creative. You feel that you are producing something complete and useful manually. Whether you are looking for a more natural alternative to commercial soap or you like handicrafts and find pleasure in trying new things, you will find that making soap is possible, enjoyable, and not complicated.

Anne Bramson, a pioneer in making handcrafted natural soaps, says in her book "Soap" about handcrafted soaps it is magic, it smells like the good smell you prefer, because you simply chose it.

She adds that the homemade industry guarantees the naturalness of the ingredients used, making the maker or maker feel comfortable and safe when using it.
Cheese on Saucer

Making soap at home

Soap is the result of a basic chemical reaction between fats, oils and caustic soda.

You can carefully choose between a blend of high-quality oils, and add your favorite fragrance.

Making soap requires accurate measurements while using chemicals, some of which may be dangerous.

But it is a simple process, and you will likely have many components and tools already in your kitchen.

It is extremely important to make soap recipes with a calculator, and according to accurate calculations, the calculator will help make sure that the proportions of water, caustic oils and soda are correct.

After mixing fats or oils with lye, the triglyceride units react with sodium hydroxide or potassium hydroxide, and turn into soap and glycerin.

For some soaps, salt is then added to form solid soaps.

The hardening of the soap usually takes around 24 to 48 hours once the lotion and oils are mixed and the raw soap is poured into the mold.

This process can be accelerated by adding more heat or slowing it down by keeping the process extremely cold.

4 ways to make soap

There are 4 basic ways to make soap at home:

1- Dissolving and pouring: It is a process during which pre-made soap bars melt and your perfume is added.

2- Cold process: It is the most common way of making soap with oils and lotions.

3- The hot process: during which the soap is actually cooked in clay pots.

4- Re-mixing: It is a method of grinding soap bars, adding milk or water, and re-mixing it.

Here we will cover the two most common and common methods of making soap, namely dissolving and pouring, and the cold process.

1- Method of defrosting and Person Washing Hands

The benefit of the defrosting and pouring process is that you can control which ingredients you want to add.

Pre-made blocks of non-colored soap can be purchased, dissolved in the microwave, for example, and when the soap is completely dissolved, add the smell, the color you prefer, or any other additives you want to get its benefits.

The new mixture is placed in a mold, covered with foil, and the soap is ready for use as soon as it becomes solid.

Required tools

To start making the melted soap you need a clean work place with a microwave or a double boiler, a microwave heat-resistant bowl, a couple of spoons of whisking, a set of measuring spoons, perfume, color or additions as desired, and a mold for pouring soap into it.

There are some considerations for this type of soap making method. While it is simple and easy, and avoids the use of caustic soda that may cause skin burns, it is difficult to control the result.

In this way, the ingredients cannot be completely controlled, and the ingredients are not guaranteed to be normal.

Many manufacturers add chemicals to increase the foam or allow the soap to melt better.

2- Cold process method:

It is the way in which soap is made from scratch, during which all the ingredients you use can be controlled, and the ingredients can be made completely natural, but their procedures are more complicated.

Required tools:

To start making soap this way, you will need: a flat workspace with a heat source and access to water, some animal fats or vegetable oils, a caustic soda jar, fragrance or essential oil as desired, natural or artificial coloring as desired, a template for pouring raw soap It has a cool, dry place to store soap.

One of the downsides of this method is dealing with caustic soda, in addition to that you will need to wait several weeks before your soap is ready for use.

While caustic soda can cause burns, like any chemical, it can be safely and correctly handled, such as wearing safety glasses and gloves, and you'll be on your way to making natural soaps without problems.

How to make natural soap:

The first and most important step in making cold soaps naturally is to accurately measure the starting ingredients (fats, caustic soda, and water) according to the recipe you choose.

Soap making is by weight, so make sure you get a good kitchen scale and the ingredients' weight.

It is best, as already mentioned, to wear protection like rubber gloves and safety glasses when making soap because caustic soda can burn your skin.

Gently start heating the oils in a bowl on the stove, or the microwave can be used for two minutes, then at shorter intervals until you reach the temperature listed in the recipe.

Weigh the amount specified in the recipe of caustic soda and put it in a heat-resistant glass bowl.

Slowly add caustic soda to the water, and keep stirring until it's completely thawed. This mixture will get hot very quickly, so be aware of that.

Also the fumes will be many, so keep the nearby window open.

Put a glass bowl in a container filled with cold water and cool the caustic mixture of water and caustic soda to the desired temperature, then slowly pour caustic soda and water into the oils while stirring quickly in small circles.

Keep moving the mixture quickly until thick, this process can be accelerated by using the hand mixer for mixing, but care must be taken not to over mix the mixture, then add essential oils, natural colors, herbs or peelers at this stage.

The mixture is poured into the soap molds, and the hardening of the raw soap will take about 24 hours, and about four weeks of storage to be ready for use.

The ingredients that can be added
You can choose the type of soap you prefer depending on the ingredients:

1- Honey and Lavender Soap:

Lavender oil / lavender can be added to a little honey as an additive to make this soap.

Honey adds a sweet scent and a light golden color, and it is a very popular additive in making soap because it is very gentle on the skin and nourishing.

2- Goat's milk soap:

Goat milk is among the additional proteins and vitamins that are good for your skin, and it is one of the most popular additions that people add to their handmade soap. Goat milk can be added to your soap with fresh goat milk or powdered goat milk.

Sugars and milk convert the soap to brown, but this recipe will make it white. Goat milk also contains alpha hydroxy acids that are good for the skin.
Assorted Soap Bars

3- Flower petals, leaves and herbs:

There is no problem with using different types of flower petals, except for some petals that may give undesirable colors.

The rose petals turn black, and the lavender buds are brown, so you do not mind using whatever cut and vegetable parts you want, just be sure to make a test batch first so you know what will happen in the color part.

4- Coffee:

Coffee can make a wonderfully soapy soap, just start with about 1 tablespoon of coffee per 500 g / 1 pound of oil.

5- Green tea and lemon soap:

Add two tablespoons of dried green tea to a few drops of lemon essential oil.

Green tea leaves reduce skin inflammation, while lemon essential oil opens up the dark areas of the body.
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